教育学部师生近期重要学术论文推介(第115期)

本站原创   |    2022-11-07  |   浏览次数: 1,198 views

任丽欣 等:Distinct patterns of organized activity participation and their associations with school readiness among Chinese preschoolers

Organized extracurricular activities (EAs) constitute an important part of many young children’s lives. However, the role of EAs in children’s development during early childhood is poorly understood. The current study examined the associations between EA participation and a range of school readiness outcomes in a sample of 345 urban Chinese preschoolers. Using three waves of data collected on EA participation and applying growth mixture modeling, we discovered two distinct trajectory classes with respect to the breadth of EA participation as well as two classes for EA attendance intensity. With a series of covariates controlled for, children’s greater initial levels of or rates of increase in EA breadth were related to better early math skills. Greater probabilities of belonging to the higher-intensity class were also associated with better early math skills in children. However, EA participation did not predict other aspects of children’s school readiness, including Chinese reading, receptive vocabulary, expressive language, social skills, and problem behaviors. This study extends existing EA literature, which has primarily focused on school-aged populations in Western contexts, by demonstrating substantial individual variations in Chinese preschoolers’ trajectories of EA participation. Our findings suggest that EAs seem to have little unique contribution to children’s school readiness except for early math skills.

姜勇 等:我国各省学前教育资源的均衡性与充分性分析——基于2013-2018年省级层面的面板数据

当前我国学前教育事业发展主要面临两大方面难题:一是”不平衡”难题,主要是城镇乡之间的区域不平衡和东、中、西部地区之间的地域不平衡,特别是后者问题更为严峻。二是”不充分”难题,主要表现为幼儿园教师学历结构建设、职称优化建设与培训质量建设的不充分。为破解不平衡、不充分难题,就必须要坚定”办好让人民满意的学前教育”的根本宗旨不动摇,特别是以”特惠”先行为抓手,大力推进两项路径创新,包括建立”特惠”贫困家庭幼儿的中国版”早期开端”计划和”特惠”幼儿园教师的”学习休假制度”。

刘皛:知识如何走出象牙塔——基于学术研究与政策实践关系的视角

在政府决策科学化的治理诉求下,越来越多的学者作为顾问参与到政府的政策活动中,但理论研究者与政策实践者知识建构方式的不同造成了学术研究和政策实践的鸿沟,学界与政界的制度差异进一步强化了两个领域的隔阂。当代中国学者在资政实践中具备旁观者与行动者的双重身份,理论功底和实践能力是其成为行动者的前提和基础。在由官员主导的政学交往过程中,学者应坚守自己的专业承诺和学术良知。学术自主性的确立和学术制度的建构是知识得到认可、学者获得尊重的前提;同时,知识的理论传统只有与实践传统相结合,形成既有概念和理论支撑,又有清晰的问题源流和充分经验证据支持的研究进路,学术研究才能有效地指导政策实践。

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